A Lawyers or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, canonist, canon lawyer, civil law notary, counsel, counselor, solicitor, legal executive, or public servant preparing, interpreting and applying the law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.
Working as a lawyer involves the practical application of abstract legal theories and knowledge to solve specific individualized problems, or to advance the interests of those who hire lawyers to perform legal services.
The role of the lawyer varies greatly across different legal jurisdictions.
Lawyers apply the law to specific cases. They investigate the facts and the evidence by conferring with their clients and reviewing documents, and they prepare and file the pleadings in court.
At the trial, they introduce evidence, interrogate witnesses, and argue questions of law and fact.
If they do not win the case, they may seek a new trial or relief in an appellate court.
In many instances, lawyers can bring about the settlement of a case without trial through negotiation, reconciliation, and compromise.
In addition, the law gives individuals the power to arrange and determine their legal rights in many matters and in various ways, as through wills, contracts, or corporate bylaws, and lawyers aid in many of these arrangements.
Since the 20th century a rapidly developing field of work for lawyers has been the representation of clients before administrative committees and courts and before legislative committees.
Lawyers have several loyalties in their work, including loyalties to their clients, to the administration of justice, to the community, to their associates in practice, and to themselves.
When these loyalties conflict, the standards of the profession are intended to effect a reconciliation.
Types of Law Careers
Law students typically choose a specific type of practice depending on whether they want to work in a corporate setting or help individual clients.
Traditionally, solicitors and barristers make up the legal profession.
A solicitor gives legal advice and can represent clients in courts. A barrister specializes in representing clients in courts.
Each type of lawyer has its own set of challenges, expectations, and perks.
Here is just a sample of the many types of lawyers:
In addition to these professional groups, there are nonprofessional legal counselors who give advice on various legal problems and are often employed by business firms.
In almost all civil-law countries, there are notaries (see notary), who have exclusive rights to deal with such office work as marriage settlements and wills.
Regardless of where you go to law school, it takes approximately six or seven years to become a lawyer.
Many countries have slightly different requirements, including shorter law schools, studying law as an undergraduate, and practical course requirements.
For example, in the US, you only go to law school after finishing your bachelor’s degree, and UK universities offer law as an undergraduate and a graduate degree.